Introduction:

The web or internet is now used by the majority of people in the world (both at home and at work). There are now over a trillion individual web pages on 300 million different websites (e.g www.blairenglish.com etc...) on the internet. So, it's important to know the English vocabulary of both web pages and how to use web pages when looking at them on a computer. In this online exercise, we will look at the names of the different parts in English of a web page and a web browser.

Exercise: Looking at a Web Page

In the below photo of a web page, you will find that different parts are surrounded/enclosed by a red line with a number in red. These red numbers are used below the photo to confirm the name of each part (e.g. 1 = Web Browser).

Web Page Essentials Diagram

  • 1 = Web Browser
  • 2 = Minimize/Maximize Buttons
  • 3 = Menu Bar
  • 4 = Tab
  • 5 = Back/Forward Buttons
  • 6 = Web Address
  • 7 = Refresh Button
  • 8 = Scroll Bar
  • 9 = Navigation Bar
  • 10 = Site Search Box
  • 11 = Icons
  • 12 = Link



 Link to Dictionary

Quiz: Web Page Vocabulary

Below is a definition/description of each of the different parts of the above web page. Now fill in the blanks with the name of one of these parts which are in bold in the above list. Only use one word/phrase once and write it as it is in the list. Click on the "Check Answers" button at the bottom of the quiz to check your answers.

When the answer is correct, two icons will appear next to the question. The first is an Additional Information Icon "". Click on this for extra information on the word/phrase and for a translation. The second is a Pronunciation Icon "". Click on this to listen to the pronunciation of the word/phrase and to do a pronunciation speaking test.


1. A part of the web browser where you can move up and down the web page, is the    

         

Scroll bar:
(noun) The 'scroll bar' allows you to see other parts of a web page that are not being shown on the screen. A web browser can have both vertical (to move/scroll up or down a web page) and horizontal (to move/scroll left or right on a web page) 'scroll bars'. You can also use 'scroll' as a verb, e.g. 'can you scroll down the page'. In Spanish: "barra de desplazamiento".

Close

Scroll bar:

Pronunciation Speaking Test:
Click on the microphone icon () in the below box and say the word/phrase above to check your pronunciation. Although this test is good, it sometimes does not recognise some of the words/phrases.

 

Close

2. The buttons on a web browser which takes you to previous web pages that you have looked at, are    

         

Back/Forward buttons:
(noun) The 'back and forward buttons' are two buttons that are on every web browser that allows you to move to web pages that you have previously looked at on the current tab. The buttons are always represented by two arrows pointing in opposite direction. The button with the arrow pointing to the left is the 'back button', and the button with the arrow pointing to the right is the 'forward button'. In Spanish: "botones atrás y siguiente".

Close

Back/Forward buttons:

Pronunciation Speaking Test:
Click on the microphone icon () in the below box and say the word/phrase above to check your pronunciation. Although this test is good, it sometimes does not recognise some of the words/phrases.

 

Close

3. A word or sentence on a web page that takes you to a different web page when 'clicked on' or 'pressed', is a   

         

Link:
(noun) A 'link' or 'hyperlink' is a word, sentence or image that when 'clicked on' or 'pressed' sends you to a different web page or part of the same web page. Normally, the text in a 'link' is a different colour to the rest of the text and/or underlined. A link will sometimes say 'click here'. When you pass the cursor over a 'link' the cursor changes from an arrow to a hand. In Spanish: "enlace".

Close

Link:

Pronunciation Speaking Test:
Click on the microphone icon () in the below box and say the word/phrase above to check your pronunciation. Although this test is good, it sometimes does not recognise some of the words/phrases.

 

Close

4. A list of the different sections/parts of a website, is called a    

         

Navigation bar:
(noun) A 'navigation bar' is a simple index of a website. It shows some of the different sections/parts of the website to help users/visitors find what they want quicker. It is normally placed at or near the top of every web page. But it can also be on the side of a web page. In Spanish: "barra de navegación".

Close

Navigation bar:

Pronunciation Speaking Test:
Click on the microphone icon () in the below box and say the word/phrase above to check your pronunciation. Although this test is good, it sometimes does not recognise some of the words/phrases.

 

Close

5. The location or 'url' of a web page on the web, is called the    

         

Web address:
(noun) The 'web address' is the commonly used name for 'url'. The 'web address/url' is simply the unique address of the web page. For example, 'www.apple.com' is the web address for apple's home page. The 'web address/url' is shown in web browsers in the 'address bar' (the rectangular box). In Spanish: "dirección web".

Close

Web address:

Pronunciation Speaking Test:
Click on the microphone icon () in the below box and say the word/phrase above to check your pronunciation. Although this test is good, it sometimes does not recognise some of the words/phrases.

 

Close

6. The place where you can quickly look for content on a website, is called the    

         

Site search box:
(noun) A 'site search box' is like a search engine (e.g. Google, Bing, Yahoo) that only searches for content on the website you are looking at. It is used to help users/visitors find the content they want quicker. Most websites now have a 'site search box' In Spanish: "cuadro de búsqueda del sitio web".

Close

Site search box:

Pronunciation Speaking Test:
Click on the microphone icon () in the below box and say the word/phrase above to check your pronunciation. Although this test is good, it sometimes does not recognise some of the words/phrases.

 

Close

7. When you have multiple web pages open on a web browser, the name of each web page is written in a    

         

Tab:
(noun) The 'tabs' in a web browser (e.g. Internet Explorer) show what web pages are currently open. On a browser on a computer, the tabs are located at the top and look like an indexing system used in a folder that contains paper copies of documents. To move between the different open web pages, you click on the 'tabs'. There is no limit to how many web pages you can have open on a web browser. In Spanish: "pestaña".

Close

Tab:

Pronunciation Speaking Test:
Click on the microphone icon () in the below box and say the word/phrase above to check your pronunciation. Although this test is good, it sometimes does not recognise some of the words/phrases.

 

Close

8. The two buttons that are used to make a web browser window disappear or make it cover the full screen, are called the    

         

Minimize/Maximize buttons:
(noun) The 'minimize/maximize buttons' are the two small buttons that the majority of computer applications and web browsers have in the top right corner of their window. The 'minimize button' has a symbol of a line, it makes the browser window disappear (it doesn't close it) from the screen. To see the browser window on the screen again, you click on its icon in the 'task bar', which is at the bottom of the screen. The 'maximize button' has a symbol of a rectangle, it makes the browser window cover the full screen. In Spanish: "botones minimizar/maximizar".

Close

Minimize/Maximize buttons:

Pronunciation Speaking Test:
Click on the microphone icon () in the below box and say the word/phrase above to check your pronunciation. Although this test is good, it sometimes does not recognise some of the words/phrases.

 

Close

9. Small images on a web page, are called    

         

Icons:
(noun) An 'icon' is a small image on a web page/application that when clicked or pressed performs/does an action or function. For example, there are icons on many web pages/applications that are used 'to print' or 'to delete', e.g. 'click on the speaker icon to listen to the recording'. There are also icons that are used as 'links' to send you to another website, like facebook or twitter. In Spanish: "iconos".

Close

Icons:

Pronunciation Speaking Test:
Click on the microphone icon () in the below box and say the word/phrase above to check your pronunciation. Although this test is good, it sometimes does not recognise some of the words/phrases.

 

Close

10. The name of the application used to view/see web pages on a computer, is called a    

         

Web browser:
(noun) A 'web browser' or 'browser' is the name of the application used on computers, smart phones etc... to view/see web pages. There are many different makes of 'web browsers' available (e.g. Internet Explorer, Firefox, Chrome etc...). In Spanish: "explorador web/navegador".

Close

Web browser:

Pronunciation Speaking Test:
Click on the microphone icon () in the below box and say the word/phrase above to check your pronunciation. Although this test is good, it sometimes does not recognise some of the words/phrases.

 

Close

11. When you want to see the up-to-date content on a web page, you press the    

         

Refresh button:
(noun) The 'refresh button' is used on web browsers to 'update' or 'reload' the content of web page. It is commonly used on blogs to see if somebody has written or posted new comments. Many website now automatically 'refresh', so you don't have to press the button. The 'refresh button' has a symbol of an arrow in the shape of circle. It is located next to the web page's web address/url. In Spanish: "el botón actualizar/recargar".

Close

Refresh button:

Pronunciation Speaking Test:
Click on the microphone icon () in the below box and say the word/phrase above to check your pronunciation. Although this test is good, it sometimes does not recognise some of the words/phrases.

 

Close

12. To print or change the view in a web browser, you go to the    

         

Menu bar:
(noun) The 'menu bar' of a web browser or application provides a list of options to perform/do functions and actions (e.g. save, print, add to favourites etc...), change the view (e.g. 100%, 200% etc...) or provide help to the users. The 'menu bar' is a list of different names (file, edit, help etc...) at the top of the browser, but on many modern browsers (e.g. Chrome or Internet Explorer) the menu is not contained in a 'menu bar' but inside of icons you have to click on. In Spanish: "barra de menú".

Close

Menu bar:

Pronunciation Speaking Test:
Click on the microphone icon () in the below box and say the word/phrase above to check your pronunciation. Although this test is good, it sometimes does not recognise some of the words/phrases.

 

Close








Practice

Now that you understand the new vocabulary, practice them by creating your own sentences with the new words/phrases.