Review of first 3 phrasal verb types
In the previous two exercises on 'Use of Phrasal Verbs', we have looked at three of the four different types of phrasal verbs used in English. To remind you what they are, we'll quickly go through them now before we look at the fourth and final type of phrasal verb:
Type 1 Phrasal Verbs: Intransitive with one particle
A phrasal verb that never has an object. For example,
The plane took off.
Type 2 Phrasal Verbs: Transitive and inseparable with one particle
A phrasal verb that has an object that must always follow the particle. For example,
I care about you.
Type 3 Phrasal Verbs: Transitive and separable with one particle
A phrasal verb that has an object that if it is a noun (dog, William, books etc...) can either go between the verb and the particle or after the particle. But if the object is an object pronoun (me, you, him, her, it, us, them), it must always go between the verb and the particle. For example:
I took off my jacket.
I took my jacket off.
I took it off.
Now, let's look at the last and easiest type of phrasal verbs to use, Type 4.
Type 4 Phrasal Verbs: Transitive and inseparable with two particles
Type 4 phrasal verbs are very similar to type 2 phrasal verbs. Both are transitive (they always need an object) and in both you can't separate the verb and/or particle(s) with an object. But the difference is that while type 2 phrasal verbs have a verb and one particle (e.g. 'to look after'), type 4 phrasal verbs have a verb and two particles. For example:
'I'm looking forward to the weekend.'
'There's no coffee. We have just run out of it.'
In both examples, there are two particles after the verb. In the first example the particles are 'forward' and 'to' and in the second example they are 'out' and 'of'. In neither of the examples can you place the objects 'the weekend' or 'it' between either the verb and first particle or between the particles. For example, with the second example ('to run out of' means to not have any more of something) both 'we have just run out it of' and 'we have just run it out of' are incorrect. It doesn't matter if the object is a noun or object pronoun, it is the same rule for both.
So, Type 4 phrasal verbs are transitive, with a verb and two particles, and are inseparable.
This is the simplest type of phrasal verb to understand and use, because any phrasal verb that has two particles is always transitive and inseparable.