In this second part of the exercise on phrases to use when writing essays, you will learn more vocabulary and phrases/expressions that you can use in your own essays.

If you haven't done the first part of this exercise, I recommend you do this before doing this part of the exercise.

To learn how to choose what to write about in an essay, do my exercise on 'Writing an essay: Choosing what to write about'.

To learn how to structure what you write in an essay, do my exercise on 'Writing an essay: How to structure an essay'.


Exercise:

In this second part of the exercise you will find the second half of an essay titled 'Should schools use computers or textbooks for teaching subjects in class?'.

In each paragraph, you will find a part (or parts) which are in bold and underlined. You will be shown alternative ways you can write these parts in a question which is below the paragraph it is in.

When reading each part which is in bold and underlined, think what the purpose of it is: is it giving a reason? is it giving an example? etc...

In each question, you will be given 4 alternatives ways of writing this part. Three of these alternatives mean the same thing (are synonyms) as the part in the paragraph, one of them isn't. To answer the question correctly, you have to choose the three which have the same meaning. When you have chosen the three, click the the 'Check answer' button to see if you are right.

There are also some educational software applications which can do this automatically. The application itself monitors the students' performance on the exercises and tests they complete. When it identifies an area or topic a student is struggling on, it will give the student extra exercises and/or help on the area to ensure that they understand the concept they are learning. Although a teacher can do all of this without the need of a software application, it takes a lot longer to do it manually. And if a teacher has a lot of students, they won't have the time to monitor every student effectively.

1.

Which of the three below sentences have the same meaning as 'When it identifies an area or topic a student is struggling on, it will give'?

Whenever it identifies an area or topic a student is struggling on, it will give
On identifying an area or topic a student is struggling on, it will give
Upon identifying an area or topic a student is struggling on, it will give
Unless it identifies an area or topic a student is struggling on, it will give

2.

Which of the three below sentences have the same meaning as 'Although a teacher can do all of this without the need'?

However, a teacher can do all of this without the need
Despite the fact that a teacher can do all of this without the need
Even though a teacher can do all of this without the need
While a teacher can do all of this without the need

So if educational software is so much better than using traditional textbooks to educate students, why are most schools still using textbooks? The answer is quite simple, cost.

The main problem about using computer software to teach subjects instead of textbooks is that it is a lot more expensive. Software is both more expensive per student than a textbook and all the teaching staff will have to be professionally trained to use it. In addition to this, schools will also have to pay to have a new or better computer network installed and to employ new staff to look after it.

3.

Which of the three below sentences have the same meaning as 'Software is both more expensive per student than a textbook and all'?

Not only is the software more expensive per student than a textbook, but all
In addition to the software being more expensive per student than a textbook, all
Besides the software being more expensive per student than a textbook, all
Although the software is more expensive per student than a textbook, all

4.

Which of the three below sentences have the same meaning as 'In addition to this, schools will also have to pay'?

On top of this, schools will also have to pay
As a result, schools will also have to pay
Furthermore, schools will also have to pay
Besides this, schools will also have to pay

In addition to the cost of the software and the network, schools will also have to provide each of their students with their own tablet or laptop to use. And because children have a habit of dropping or losing things, schools will also have to pay for the replacement or repair throughout the year of many of the tablets and laptops which they provide to their students.

5.

Which of the three below sentences have the same meaning as 'And because children have a habit of dropping or losing things'?

And since children have a habit of dropping or losing things
And as children have a habit of dropping or losing things
And due to children having a habit of dropping or losing things
And despite children having a habit of dropping or losing things

It is this cost which means that the only schools which be able to afford to replace their textbooks with computers will be private schools. For schools in most countries (and especially in the developing world), the cost of replacing their textbooks with computer software will be too expensive.

There is little doubt about the educational benefits of using computer software applications instead textbooks in the classroom for students (they are more engaging, make them learn both more quickly and productively, and make it easier to monitor and improve students' academic performance). But, the high cost of purchasing, installing and maintaining both the software and the hardware could mean that most schools will not be able to replace their textbooks with computer software applications.

6.

Which of the three below sentences have the same meaning as 'But, the high cost of'?

However, the high cost of
Even so, the high cost of
As a result, the high cost of
But in spite of this, the high cost of

So the question is not 'should schools use computer software to teach subjects?', but 'If schools will use computer software to teach subjects?'. In my opinion, the very high cost of using it, will mean that most schools won't. Instead, they will continue to use textbooks for a long time into the future.

7.

Which of the three below sentences have the same meaning as 'In my opinion, the very high cost of using it, will mean that'?

It can be concluded that the very high cost of using it, will mean that
In summary, the very high cost of using it, will mean that
It is my belief that the very high cost of using it, will mean that
It is the very high cost of using it which I strongly believe will mean that


















To quickly and easily improve the vocabulary that you use when writing an essay, go to our 'Business & formal English writing vocabulary list'.


Click to see more email/letter exercises & examples

Practice

Now that know alternative ways to say the above words and phrases in the essay, practise by creating your own sentences and use them in these.

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