Peter:'So continue walking on the track until you reach a farmhouse on your left.'
Juan:'A farmhouse is the building where the people of a farm live in, isn't it? '
Juan:'And the building where the animals live. What is that called?'
Peter:'Animals on a farm live in a barn. Anyway, when you reach the farmhouse, you need to leave the track. On your right, you'll see a field of the farm. Normally, the field has cows in it. Through the middle of the field is a path, you need to walk up that.'
Juan:'How I do I get into the field? Won't it have a fence made of wood around it to stop the cow from escaping?'
Peter:'The field which has the path in it doesn't have a wooden fence around it next to the track, but a hedge. A hedge does the same thing as a fence (it surrounds a field), but instead of being made of wood it's made of small trees which are very close together.'
Juan:'And what do you call a fence if it is made of rocks. Do you call it a rock fence?'
Peter:'No, you don't. When a field is surrounded by something made of rocks (which are also called stones), it is called stone wall or just a wall. '
Juan:'So, do I have to climb over the hedge to get into the field? It's not going to be easy.'
Peter:'No, you don't have to climb over it. There's a gap in the hedge that you can walk through.'
Juan:'Is there a metal or wood gate in the gap of the hedge which you have to open and close to enter or leave the field?'
Peter:'No, there isn't a gate in the gap of the hedge.'
Juan:'But won't that mean the cows can escape from the field?'
Peter:'No, because in front of the gap there is a hole which is covered by metal bars/tubes. This is called a cattle grid and it stops the cows from leaving the field because they can't walk on it.'
Juan:'Ok. So, I walk on the path through the field with the cows in it. And when I get to the end of the field?'
Peter:'At the end of the field is a stone wall. There is a stile which will help you to go over the wall, so you can continue walking on the path in the next field.'
Peter:'A stile is where a wall or a fence has some steps or a small ladder on it, so people can climb over the top of it.'
Juan:'I know what one of those is.'